is in Kannur district of northern Kerala state , south
western India. It is 21 km away from district head
quarters, Kannur. It was established
in 1663 by the British for the pepper and cardamom trade
and was their first settlement on Malabar cost.
Thalassery fort was built by British in 1708 and was
attacked by Mysore ruler Hyder Ali in 1781. But he failed
to capture the fort. British were doing pepper trade by
using this fort. It is constructed near to Arabian sea and
most of the construction is rocky. During the British rule
the jurisdiction of Thalassery court was up to Mysore. Sir.Wellesly
who introduced Cricket in this district during 18th
century. Now also cricket clubs in and around Thalassery
are major players in various tournaments in the state.
The beginning of western education in
Thalassery may be traced back to the middle of 16th
century. The first English school known as Basal German
Mission English School was started on 1st March 1856 at
Thalassery. The Brennen school at Thalassery, the nucleus of the present Brennen College, was started in 1862 with
the generous donations made by Mr. Edward Brennen, Master
Attendant at Thalassery. Thalassery and its neighboring
villages actively participated in freedom struggle. On
15th September 1940 , Thalassery town Congress Committee
called on a meeting at Jawahar Ghat to protest against
human right violations in British rule. Sri. O Abu master
and Chathukkutty was killed in the police firing.
South - New Mahe
East - Eranholi
West - Arabian Sea
German missionary Dr. Herman Gundert played an important
role in the history of
Thalassery. He was born in Stuttgart
on 1814 February 14 and came to India as a Christian
missionary. He studied history and religion from Tubin
University and got doctorate from Switzerland. In 1834 he
become a member of Basal Mission. Basal Mission Society was his motivation for coming
to India. He studied Hindi, Bengali and Tamil in early day
itself. He started staying at Thirunalveli. At the age of
24 Gundert married Yuliya de Bova. From 27th February 1839 he started
staying at Illikkunnu , a place near Thalassery-
Ancharakkandy road. Now also Gundert Bungalow is tourist
attraction. It is a beautiful
building with tiled roof. He was a master in 18 languages.
In 1939 he started a school in the Bungalow. He was the first
school inspector for Malabar and South Karnataka. In
1847 first Malayalam news paper 'Rajyasamacharam' started
from Thalassery. After that another publication named 'Paschimodayam'
was also started. Articles published by Gundert in German,
English, Malayalam and Tamil languages spanned to various
subjects such as history, grammar, language science,
general knowledge etc. Out of 50+ books published by him,
most famous one is English-Malayalam dictionary. This dictionary was published at
Mangalore in 1872. Although the dictionary was published
at Mangalore, he verified the content from Kalwa of
Germany since he left India on April 11 1859 itself. 'Keralolppathi'
published in 1843 and 'Keralapazhama' published in 1868
are also well known. Dr. Herman Gundert died on April 25 1893.
In almost all big circus companies like Great
Bombay circus, Jumbo circus, Rajkamal
and Gemini circus more than 80% of circus artists are from
Thalassery. Keeleri Kunhikkannan , the father of Indian
circus , is from Thalassery. He was the sports teacher of
BEMP High School, Thalassery. Kamala Circus was the first
three ring circus of Thalassery. It was founded by Mr.K
Damodaran. Kalarippayttu, an ancient
martial arts, was considered to be born at Kathirur, a
village near Thalassery. Kathirur Gurikkal, Thacholi
Othenan, Payyavelli Chandu and Mayan Pakki were the
stalwarts in this field. Mambally Bakery of Tellicherry is the first Bakery of Kerala.
Now also bakery items of Thalassery are very famous
throughout the world. Sri Vengayil Kunhiraman Nair, Sanjayan
(M Ramunni Nair), NE Balaram and O. Chandu menon
are also great Tellicherians.
Thalassery and neighboring villages
like Eranholi, Pinarayi, Kadirur, Kodiyeri etc. are
strongholds of Communist parties. Congress and Muslim
league is having good support in Municipal areas and New
Mahe. BJP is having some support in Pathayakkunnu,
Konkachi, Panoor ares. These areas ill famous for atrocities.
under Thalassery Taluk
More details on Thalassery at Tellicherry